This is a collection of Increasingly, the term database is used as shorthand for database management system. There are many different types of DBMSs, ranging from small systems that run on personal computers to huge systems that run on mainframes. Sourced from: http://www.webopedia.com/TERM/D/database.html
The information in a database is access via a database management system; that are typically an aggregation of programs. The programs arrange, interpret, maintain, and store information; which is the primary goal of databases.
SQL (Structured Query Language) is a standard language for making interactive queries from and updating a database such as IBM's DB2, Microsoft's SQL Server, and database products from Oracle, Sybase, and Computer Associates. Sourced from: http://searchsqlserver.techtarget.com/definition/database